Today’s Google Doodle honors Grace Murray Hopper (December 9, 1906 – January 1, 1992), an American computer scientist and Rear Admiral in the US Navy who pioneered computer programming.
Hopper was one of the first programmers of the Harvard Mark I computer, one of the most advanced of its time. She also developed the first compiler, used for translating source code, for a computer programming language. She was the first to conceptualize the idea of distinct programming languages, which contributed to the development of COBOL, one of the first programming languages in modern computers.
She also popularized the term “debugging” for fixing computer glitches, due to an incident in which an actual moth got into a computer and caused it to malfunction, requiring it to be removed (whereupon she remarked they were “debugging” the system).
Hopper was awarded 40 honorary degrees from universities worldwide during her lifetime. Her remarkable accomplishments and her naval rank earned her the nickname “Amazing Grace.”